>> Campania

Private shore tour for cruises from/to Naples, Sorrento and Salerno -  Excursion fron Napoli Port -  Excursion fron Sorrento Port -  Excursion fron Salerno Port

Vietri sul Mare
Vico Equense
S.Agata su Due Golfi

>> Umbria

Art and Religion
The Basilica of San Francesco d'Assisi
Food and Wine
Nature and Sport

Umbria Excursion and Transfer
Gualdo Cattaneo
Massa Martana
Mediaeval Paciano
San Gemini
San Venanzo
Vallo di Nera

>> Sicily

Private shore tour for cruises from/to Palermo,  and Catania -  Excursion fron Palermo Port -  Excursion fron Catania Port


>> Tuscany

Private shore tour for cruises from/to Livorno  Port -  Excursion fron Livorno Port

San Gimignano

>> Latium

Private shore tour for cruises from/to Civitavecchia Port -  Excursion fron Civitavecchia

Castelli Romani
Vatican Museums
Christian Rome


>> Liguria

Private shore tour for cruises from/to Genova,  and Savona -  Excursion fron Genova Port -  Excursion fron Savona Port

Cinque Terre
Albissola Marina
Celle Ligure
Finale Ligure
La Spezia
Monterosso al Mare
Riviera dei Fiori
San Remo
Others Places of Interest

>> Lombardia

La Dolce Vita
The Duomo
Basilica Of Sant Ambrogio
Scala Theater
Milano Shopping




Travelling north of Rome we will reach Italy's green heart,to visit towns like ASSISI the mystic city of St.Francis with the Basilica dedicated to the Saint (1228-1253 with paintings of Cimabue and Giotto). We will conclude the Umbria tour in ORVIETO which has a Cathedral considered the most beautiful in Italy and a masterpiece of medieval architecture from the 14th Century (Maietani, Pisano, Federighi). On request and during the season truffle- tasting.
You will be driven to one of the most attractive Italian regions. First of all SIENA a little jewel, a medieval village with the DUOMO and Piazza del Campo where a traditional horse race is held twice a year. Later we arrive in FLORENCE where you will have the opportunity to admire Sights like: ACADEMY GALLERY, with the original DAVID, the BAPTISTRY with the golden bronze doors by Ghiberti, Giotto's BELFRY, PIAZZA DELLA SIGNORIA and PALAZZO VECCHIO (town hall), the Loggia dei Lanzi with the Perseus by Cellini and the fountain of Neptune.
This amazing area is located south of Rome and Naples. It will be an unforgettable drive along the scenic coast passing villages like POMPEI (the world famous town destroyed by the eruption of Mt Vesuvius in 79 A.D.), SORRENTO (known for the lemons), POSITANO,AMALFI (with Duomo of IX Century), RAVELLO (VILLA CIMBRONE and RUFFOLO). On request, lunch at a fish and seafood restaurant with a spectacular view.
Pompeii, historical town, is one of the most famous archaeological site of the whole Italy. Its ruins are part of an ancient Roman city destroyed and buried by the eruption of the volcano Vesuvius in 79 A.D.. For 1500 years it has been covered by heaps of ashes until 1748, when excavations were started.
One of the most important City in the world, Rome is very rich in history, culture and art from every era. Its enormous monumental and artistic heritage can be divided in different epoch.

Campania presents all the remarkable sites which tourists will want to discover and make the most of during their stay here: from the islands in the Bay of Naples to the Sorrentine Peninsula and the Amalfi Coast, from Cilento to the Domitian Coast,
as well as the interior, with the provinces of Benevento, Caserta and Avellino, together forming a truly unique region.
The scenery is breathtaking, much of it safeguarded within the parks and numerous nature reserves which characterise Campania, from the Matese to the Park of the Monti Picentini, from Vesuvius to the National Park of Cilento e Vallo di Diano. Wherever you go,
you can sample genuine local dishes and wines prepared according to tradition; the monuments and archaeological parks bring you into contact with past civilisations which cast their spell on young people and on the not so young, as well as on the experts. Among the many “gems”, leaving aside the extraordinary Pompeii, we can mention Herculaneum, Stabia, Boscoreale and Oplontis with their ancient villas, the Phlegrean Fields with Rione Terra at Pozzuoli, the largest urban archaeological park in Europe, Miseno and the underwater city of Baia, and the archaeological park of Conza. And on down to Cilento, where the
archaeological park of Velia lies surrounded by a splendid national park.
Some of these wonderful monuments are also open in the evenings, giving visitors an unforgettable experience as they traverse the Temples of Paestum, the archaeological site of Pompeii or the Royal Palace of Caserta with special effects as night falls.
For those in search of peace and quiet, Campania is rich in spas: 29 mineral water

Campania: is an extraordinary mixture of art, culture and nature, a land where ancient and modern fuse together in a grandiose spectacle which has lasted for thousands of years. Even today the remains of buried civilizations come to light, an eloquent testimony to the wrath of the Vesuvius.
In the shadow of the volcano, Pompeii, Herculaneum and other cities that were destroyed by the eruption re-emerged in all their stupendous beauty. The throbbing hearts of the Mediterranean coast, such as Pozzuoli, Baia, Miseno, charmed Roman emperors and rich noble men, who built sumptuous villas there. Further south, there is Paestum and its majestic temples, and Velia, where the philosophers Parmenides and Zeno enquired into the secrets of the universe. Myths and legends abound in this region, lending the routes a special magic.
Starting from the bowels of Naples, where caves dug out of the tuff (volcanic rock) bore witness to primitive Christian rituals, one proceeds through the Phlegrean Fields, gate of the Underworld, where the Sybil of Cuma made her prophecies; to arrive at Benevento, where Roman cults enriched Medieval legends with sabbath and witches.
Surrounded by green fields, and almost suspended in time, the medieval villages of Campania, from Casertavecchia to Sant’Agata dei Goti and on to Teggiano, are distinguished by a myriad of tiny houses, decorated in the Longobard and Norman tradition to form a long barrier. On the coast there are towering fortresses, built during the Middle Ages to fend off Saracen pirates, whose splendid architecture can still be seen at Positano, Amalfi and Ravello.
Monumental splendour still enliven the ancient centre of Naples; there are churches, castles, sumptuous palaces, and the magnificent royal residences, bearing the stamp of the Bourbon kings, such as the immense Royal Palace in Caserta. But Campania is still conversant with the language of contemporary art, now more than ever. Museums and squares are open to artists from all over the world; the stations of the new Naples underground railway system are used as exhibition space, which has been described as the best Museum of contemporary art in Italy.
Travellers, today as in the past, continue to visit Campania, attracted by its extraordinary artistic and historical heritage. The stupendous coastline, the spectacular glimpses of the islands, the wild beauty of the mountains, the
verdant plains and their inhabitants continue to exert a mysterious charm.

The ‘discovery’ of Pompeii and Herculaneum

Majestic and menacing, Vesuvius still dominates the Neapolitan landscape.
From the Eighteenth century onwards travellers have been prepared to tackle the climb up to the top in order to admire the panorama and look down into the crater. There is no better starting point to begin a journey through the history and
culture of Campania.
A journey which takes us back in time, as far as that 24th of August in 79 A.D. when Vesuvius ‘put on a show’ with a devastating eruption which buried Pompeii, Herculaneum and Oplontis.
The rediscovery of the places that were victims of the wrath of the volcano came about almost by chance. In 1709 the prince d’Elboeuf, was having a well dug in his Vesuvian residence, when he came upon the remains of the theatre of Herculaneum. From then on, researches were made which brought to light an archaeological, artistic and historical heritage of inestimable
value, which every year draws millions of visitors.

Already two thousand years ago Pompeii was an important commercial centre felix in Campania, has played a strategic role in redistribution of assets between Rome hinterland cities and ports on the Mediterranean.
Today you can admire the remains of Basilica, the seat of justice and chamber trade, religious buildings and the Macellum, site of the marketplace. From the main square streets lead off to the ancient city, revealing majestic houses, such as the House of the Faun and the House of the Vettii, with their splendid frescoes. The shops in via dell’Abbondanza, offer a lively impression of everyday life two thousands years ago.
From here we carry on to the Stabian Baths, the oldest public baths in Pompeii, ending up at the massively impressive Amphitheatre, where even today, as in the Large Theatre, there are concerts and theatrical productions.
Just outside the city, stands the Villa of the Mysteries, the most ‘enigmatic’ monument in Pompeii, with its grand fresco celebrating the mysterious cult of Dionysus.

The treasures of Herculaneum
The ruins of Pompeii
Vesuvius National Park
Coral and cameos
Wines and typical
food products

At Herculaneum, unlike Pompeii, where the eruption destroyed roofs and attics, a large part of the buildings remain several stories high: the House of Argus still has its wooden balcony.
The House of Relief of Telephus is distinguished by its refined marble decorations; the House of Neptune and Amphitrite have
beautiful mosaics; the House of the Deer has sumptuous rooms and the superb Villa of the Papyri is famous for its sculptures, now on view in the Archaeological Museum of Naples and its library of philosophical texts. Not far from Herculaneum, near Torre Annunziata (formerly ancient Oplontis) stands the Villa of Poppea.
The traditional view is that it belonged to Poppea Sabina, Nero’s second wife. The building, standing in a large garden, is decorated with brilliant frescoes representing still life subjects.
Castellamare, formerly ancient Stabiae, was an important settlement destroyed by the Vesuvian eruption of 79 A.D. Today the settlements of Arianna and San Marco constitute a precious testimony to lost splendours. Some of the most beautiful
frescoes of the Roman period have been found here, together with precious mosaics and thermal plants.

Cuma, Paestum and Velia:
discovering Magna Grecia

The origins of civilization in Campania and its relation to the Greek world are very ancient.
Cuma is the most ancient Greek colony in Italy, founded in the VIII century B.C. At the foot of the acropolis there is the famous Sybil’s Cave, associated with the myth of the famous clairvoyant (in reality it was a Roman military installation).
There is a magnificent view from the top of the acropolis, from where the remains of the Roman city can be seen in the plain.
In the plain of Sele, there is Paestum, the other important Greek settlement in Campania (VI century B.C.). It is famous for its magnificent Doric temples: the ‘Basilica’, the temple of Neptune (in fact connected with the cult of Hera), and the temple of Cerere (in fact dedicated to Pallas Athena). In the Roman era shops and a market were added to the Forum.
The Archaeological Museum of Paestum contains precious items found in the area around Heraion in the plain of Sele, together
with tomb paintings, including the highly celebrated ones in the Tomb of the Diver.
Further south, Velia (formerly ancient Elea, founded in 540 B.C.) was the seat of the famous school of philosophy run by Parmenides and Zeno. Today the remains of an ionic temple and a theatre can be seen. The Porta Rosa, which formed part of the city walls, is one of the most well preserved and most beautiful of the vestiges of Magna Grecia.

Underground Naples

Wrapped in a tissue of legends, the origins of Naples go back to remote times: it was founded in the VII century B.C. by Cuma.
On the slopes of Mount Echia in Pizzofalcone and around Piazza Bellini the remains of the Greek walls can still be seen.
Underground there are caves that were hollowed out long ago to extract tuff and later used as a place for secret rituals. Starting out from piazza San Gaetano, the former market place of ancient Neapolis, one can follow an ‘underground route’ to discover a city with in a city.
At San Lorenzo Maggiore more remains have been discovered, including shops, tabernae and the Erario, site of the municipal treasury. On the Posillipo hill the remains are still to be seen of the vast Villa del Pausilypon. High on a cliff commanding an astonishing view there still remain parts of the theatre and the odeon (covered concert hall). The archaeological area is reached through the monumental Grotta di Seiano in Via Coroglio.
Some parts of the Roman Villa have been submerged due to bradyseism. These now form part of the Gaiola Underwater park, a protected marine area.

The holidays of Imperial Rome

Saturated in art and history, the Phlegrean Fields owe their name to volcanic upheavals which have existed since remote times (in Greek flegraios means ‘burning’). These very phenomena are responsible for creating one of the largest underwater archaeological sites in Italy.
This includes urban settlements, thermal baths, ports and fish farms, many of which were submerged by bradyseism, a aeological phenomenon which alternately lifts or lowers the land. In Pozzuoli the columns of the Temple of Serapis are covered by marine organisms, bearing witness to the time when there were submerged. Other monuments of particular interest are the Flavian Amphitheatre, one of the largest in antiquity, and the remains of Rione Terra. Under the Cathedral, constructed in the XI century on the site of a Roman temple, digs have revealed an entire city with streets lined with warehouses, thermal baths, shops, fountains and houses.

Baia Castle

Publio Vedio Pollione, the owner of Pausilypon, has been described as being as cruel as he was rich: according to a famous anecdote, he intended to punish a servant who had broken a precious vase by throwing him as food for the eels. The Emperor
Augustus, who was present at the time, saved the servant and ordered the whole collection of vases to be destroyed.

Santa Maria Capua Vetere

After following a route of great scenic beauty and passing by the lake of Averno, thought in the past to be the entrance to the Underworld, one arrives at Baia, the most fashionable holiday resort of Imperial Rome. The town extends from Punta
Epitaffio to the headland where the Aragonese Castle stands, now the site of the Phlegrean Fields Archaeological Museum.
The Archaeological and Monumental Park are of great interest, for here is located the Palatium, a grandiose imperial complex where thermal baths, temples, ponds and theatres follow one after the other. Nearby is Bacoli with its complex of Cento Camerelle, a vast collection of cisterns dug out of the tuff stone, and the impressive Piscina Mirabile, an enormous reservoir fed by the Serino aqueduct, created to refill the Roma fleet at the port of Miseno. At Miseno, where Tiberius died and Caligula was invested, the most important monument is that of the Shrine of the Augustals: threatened by water due to brandyseism, it was taken down and put up again in the Phlegrean Fields Museum. Another interesting exhibition to be seen at the Museum is the reconstruction of the Nymphaeum of Punta Epitaffio, salvaged from the sea: the statues of Ulysses and his companion with a goatskin of wine, as well as beautiful statues of the Imperial family.
Recent research in the Baia Underwater Park has brought to light, impressive remains below sea level, which can be visited on a specially equipped boat.

Among craters and fumaroles:

the Solfatara

The Phlegrean Fields still have an active volcano which can be visited: ‘The Hall of Hephaestus’ was the name given to the
Solfatara by the Greeks, attributing the disturbing fumaroles with their clouds of sulphurous vapours and boiling mud to the presence of the God of fire.
The splendours Stufe di Nerone (Baia) Benevento Gladiators Museum of Wines and typical foods Thermal Baths of Agnano Santa Maria Capua Vetere products
The civilization of Campania was born on the banks of the river Volturno. Ancient Capua (today Santa Maria Capua Vetere) was the most important city in this area. Its monuments testify to the splendours of the past: the Amphitheatre, in size second only to the Colosseum; the Mitreo, an exceptional example of the widespread cult of the Persian God Mitra
in the West; the Collegiate Church of Santa Maria, founded in the V century. The Museum of Ancient Capua, where recently discovered material is on display, should be visited, as should the Gladiators Museum, which is unique of its kind.

The Mothers of Capua

One thing not to be missed is the unique collection in the Campano Museum in Capua: the impressive statues in tuff of the
Mothers (VI-II B.C.).
Found in a temple dedicated to a goddess, these votive figures representing seated.


Santa Maria Capua Vetere,

women, holding in their arms one or two babies: some are even holding a dozen! It is assumed to be the Mater Matuta, goddess of fertility who was in fact worshipped in Campania Felix, referring to the fertility of the soil and to female fecundity.

Present day Sannio is only a part of the area which was occupied in antiquity by the warlike Samnite tribes, which was finally occupied by the Romans after epic battles. In Benevento, the Trajan’s Arch, the Theatre and much of the material now housed in the Sannio Museum (in the beautiful Romanesque church of Santa Sofia) attest to the splendours of the city in the time of Imperial Rome. The Sannio Provincial Museum is one of the most remarkable in Campania.
The archaeology section contains prehistoric material, Greek and Italic ceramics, Hellenistic-Roman statues and Egyptian sculptures originating from a temple dedicated to Iside.
It was in fact these exotic cults introduced by the Romans, along with the pagan rites of the Longobards, that contributed to the Myth of the witches of Benevento: a legendary tradition which still hovers over this land, adding to its mysterious allure.

The catacombs of San Gennaro (III century A.D.) formed the most ancient and the largest Christian cemetery of antiquity. Up until the XI century they were considerate to be a place of worship, as the precious murals attest.
Near the church of Santa Maria della Sanità, the catacombs of San Gaudioso and San Severo date back to the V century and these too are

Catacombs of San Gennaro

decorated with mosaics and frescoes. Between the VII and VIII centuries, thanks to the Longobards having been converted to
Christianity, the Church assumed control of many centres in Benevento and Irpinia.
The Basilica of Santa Maria Annunziata in Prata di Principato Ultra contains catacombs dating back to the IV century.

In Cimitile, near Nola, there is an impressive group of Paleochristian Basilicas which offer exceptional architectural testimony to the passage from the late Roman Imperial period to the Middle Ages. The fame of the bishop San Felice and the miracles that were witnessed near his tomb, transformed this centre into a shrine for pilgrims. Shortly after, four small
basilicas sprang up. With Paolino, bishop of Nola and then a Saint, a monastery was added to the basilicas in the IV century. After a period of splendours during which more buildings were built, Cimitile was gradually abandoned and almost forgotten.
The complex of at least thirteen edifices including basilicas, churches and buildings decorated with frescoes and mosaics, is one of the most fascinating examples of Paleochristian art in Italy.

The feast of the Lillies in Nola

The Feast of Lillies commemorates the return of the bishop Paolino from imprisonment in Africa (410 A.D.): he was welcomed with flowers and candles (cilii, from which derives the word Gigli). For centuries the people of Nola have made processions
carrying candles and torches always increasing in size, until today they have reached 25 metres and are decorated in apier-mâché.

Medieval routes

Once Campania had overcome its fear that the world would end in the year one thousand, it became the site of ferocious battles which marked the decline of Longobard power and the beginning of Norman dominations. Small mountain towns and large towns on the coast
faced the new Millennium, protected by thick walls with crenellated battlements, with time marching to the tune of the chimes of the Romanesque Cathedrals. Ample testimony to these hard times is still evident in Campania.

The Norman counties in ‘Terra di Lavoro’

The evocative town of Casahirta (Casertavecchia), which dominates the plain of Terra di Lavoro, dates back to the IX century when it was built on a small Roman settlement.
The town reached its high point in the XI century, under the Norman domination. The Cathedral, a real jewel of Romanesque architecture, was built in this period. Today its stone buildings make the town one of the most picturesque in the area.
Nearby Aversa also owes its fame to the Normans. The Cathedral, with its majestic dome, its marble relief of Saint George and the dragon and beautifully decorated apse, represents a fine example of Romanesque architecture in Campania.
Capua, “the jewel in the crown and the key of the Kingdom”, dates even further the back. It was founded in the IX century by the Longobards near the Roman Capua (present day Santa Maria Capua Vetere), before being abandoned later when it was invaded by the barbarians. In the thirteenth century Frederick the Second of Sweden had the famous Porta Roma built, a bulwark of Imperial power against that of the Pope. Inspired by ancient art, the sculptures of the Porta Roma are now to be found in the
Campano Museum, in the Palazzo Antignano.

Sant’Angelo in Formis

On the heights of Monte Tifata there is one of the most remarkable basilicas in Italy.
Built on the ruins of a temple dedicated to the goddess Diana, Sant’Angelo in Formis was the work of the Longobards, but it was completely transformed in the eleventh century by Desiderio, abbot of Montecassino. The extraordinary frescoes with which the interior is decorated represent episodes in the life of Christ, and are works of Campano masters who were inspired by Byzantine painting dating from the same period: it is a cycle of paintings unique in Southern Italy.

The archaeological area at Fratte bears witness to the Etruscan and Samnite origins of Salerno. It was founded in the V century B.C. but the city reached its apogee in the Middle Ages. Conquered by the Longobards in the VIII century, it became a great military centre under Prince Arechi II, who elevated it to the capital of the Duchy of Benevento and built a fortress
bearing his name. The Arechi Castle still dominates the town.
There are numerous examples that attest to its Medieval splendours: the Portanova district, site of the old market place, the very beautiful San Matteo Cathedral, founded by Robert Guiscard in 1084, with its Byzantine door, its ambos decorated with sculptures and mosaics and its great entrance.
Salerno has a Provincial Archaeological Museum, which houses prehistoric remains, ceramics from the Greek Era and paintings
from the Neapolitan School dating from the VII and VIII centuries. The Museo Città Creativa di Ogliara (the Creative City Museum) is a place which conducts research into the local arts and crafts while also being a centre of experimentation.

the Abbey of Cava de’ Tirreni

The Abbey of the Santissima Trinità (Holy Trinity) was founded in 1085 by a Neapolitan nobleman and is a few kilometres away from Salerno.
This important Benedictine centre of Southern Italy has a museum which houses marble sculptures dating from the II to the
XVI centuries, among which are several fragments by Tino di Camaino, paintings from the XVI to the XVIII centuries, Gothic
jewellery, precious ceramics and ivory.

Legends and folk traditions, arts and traditional crafts, have come alive again in many parts of Campania. In Sannio, myths and ancestral cults related to farming are manifested by feasts and religious celebrations which provide the visitor with the opportunity to soak up the atmosphere of the past.
The calm beauty of nature, on the other hand, has made Irpinia the land of sanctuaries. A magical balance between nature and religion seems to be a feature of the Vallo di Diano, where the monks of the Certosa of San Lorenzo established a monastic centre, among the largest in Europe.

Legend and tradition in the heart of Sannio

Benevento and its province has always given Ciro, the little see the internal organs rise to fascinating myths and stories. dinosaur of the reptile that lived From the witches of Benevento, for example, Found in the more than 113 million derives the legend of the bridge of San Lupo, Geopalentological Park years ago. near the Valley of Calore, which was supposed of etraroja, Ciro is the The Park also has to have been used as a launching pad for their fossil of a perfectly interesting fossils of broomsticks. The ancient pagan rituals, in which preserved baby fresh water fish, the seasons were celebrated, are still re-enacted dinosaur: in past no shellfish, amphibians in nearby Solopaca. In the second week of one had been able to and reptiles.
September there is the great Festival of Grapes with a procession of symbolic floats, repeating ancient traditions. In the Telesina Valley, which takes its name from the famous thermal baths of Telese, we find Cerreto Sannita and San Lorenzello, both known throughout the world for their ceramics. Climbing up from Cerreto towards Mount Mutria, one comes upon the
village of Cusano Mutri, a little Medieval town famous for its mushrooms. The Museum of the area tells the story.

In the beautiful Valley of Fortore, Pietrelcina is connected with the figure of Padre Pio, who was born here in 1887. The village has preserved intact the places that marked the important steps in the Saint’s life, such as the nearby Piana
Romana, where the Saint received the stigmata and which has now become a shrine for pilgrims from all over the world.
A route lined with vines and fruit trees takes us to Colle Sannita and San Marco dei Cavoti, where the beautiful church del Carmine and the Tower
Clocks Museum can be visited. San Marco is also the birthplace of the famous nougat.

The Saint from Pietrelcina

Francesco Forgione, known as Padre Pio, was born in a modest family of Pietrelcina in 1887. While he was praying in the small
village church, on 20 September 1918 he received the stigmata. This event drew the attention of doctors, academics and
journalists but, above all, of the common people, who in the following decades transformed Pietrelcina into one of the most
famous shrines of pilgrimage of our time.

Irpinia, in the ancient lands

When getting to know Irpinia, one discovers that apart from the marvellous landscape there is also a rich culture heritage: Etruscans, Greeks, Romans, Goths and Longobards... in more than three thousand years many peoples have crossed this land, and their passage is marked by Roman ruins, catacombs, Longobard castles and baroque monuments. The capital, Avellino is surrounded by splendid natural scenery. In the centre, while appearing modern, there are interesting historic buildings: the Cathedral, the baroque Clock Tower, the ruins of the Longobard Castle.
The Irpino Museum houses some real masterpieces: findings from ancient Abellinum; the rich tomb of a tribal chief from Mirabella Eclano, buried together with his dog; the wooden

The Sanctuary of Montevergine

nature and parks Taburno-Camposauro Monti Picentini Regional Regional Nature Park Nature Park Partenio Regional Cilento and Vallo di Diano Nature Park National Park Pietraroja Geopaleontological Park

statues from the Sanctuary of Mefite, ceramics and porcelain decorated by the Neapolitan school between the XVII and XIX centuries and a marvellous crib, dating from the XVIII century. Solofra, among magnificent mountains scenery, contains artistic treasures like the Collegiate church of San Michele; on the banks of Sabato Atripalda is the archaeological area of ancient Abellinum.
In Mirabella Eclano the remains of the Roman city Aeclanum have been uncovered. Not far from the small Longobard settlement of Sant’Angelo dei Lombardi, which is perched on a hill with panoramic views, stands one of the most important European Medieval monuments, the Abbey of San Guglielmo al Goleto founded in 1113.

On Mount Partenio stands the great Sanctuary dedicated to the Virgin Mary, with wonderful panoramic views. This is one of the most important religious centres, but is also full of works of art and monumental architecture. In the Museum there are
paintings, sculptures, liturgical objects and cribs.

San Guglielmo al Goleto Abbey

In the centre of Sannio, where once stood the samnite Caudium, we find Montesarchio. The town has fine buildings like the Cappella d’Avalos and the church of San Francesco, with its rich collection of works dating from the XVI and XVII centuries.
But the place richest in history in Sannio is Sant’Agata dei Goti: a charming medieval town with a network of winding streets which lead to small squares full of old churches and monumental mansions.

Sant’Agata dei Goti

Ancient Compsa

At Conza della Campania, near the lake of Conza (a large artificial lake with an ecosystem of great interest to naturalists),
archaeological digs have revealed important ruins and part of the Roman Forum; these can be visited at the Ancient Compsa Archaeological Park.
A city for monks Walnut liqueur (Benevento) Benevento and San Marco wines Cilento Doc Extravirgin olive oil Colline dei Cavoti nougat Sannio Doc Fiano di Avellino Docg Beneventane Extravirgin olive oil Solopaca Doc Taurasi Docg Pietraroja ham Cilento Dop Taburno Doc Greco di Tufo Docg nt monastic underground lake. The Roman Theatre of Benevento

Certosa of Padula of Padula Pietrelcina

NOT TO BE MISSED: Capodimonte Royal Palace Caserta Royal Palace San Leucio Caserta Avellino Benevento Salerno Napoli Torre del Greco Royal palaces, mansions, parks: in the footsteps of the Bourbons

The king’s residences

In the VIII century Campania saw a number of majestic palaces spring up. In the capital, King Charles of Bourbon took up residence in the ancient Palazzo dei Viceré, known today as the Royal Palace. He also built another palace at Capodimonte where he spent his time hunting.
The palace is now the National Museum of Capodimonte. ‘Luogo di delizie’ (the place of delights) on the other hand was the Portici Royal Palace. This building is now used as the Faculty of Agriculture of the University. Set between the sea and the volcano, it benefits from a wonderful scenic position. Perhaps in competition with the Sun King (his ancestor), Charles of Bourbon wanted a residence which would outdo the luxury and the majesty of Versailles. Thus the Caserta Royal Palace,
Luigi Vanvitelli’s masterpiece, was conceived. The immense residence contains four courtyards, thousands of rooms, chapels,
museums and theatres. If the Reggia represents a veritable feast of architecture and decoration, the Park (120 hectares) is equally imposing with its majestic fountains, water displays and lawns that stretch as far as the eye can see. The water
courses come to a dramatic finish in the Great Waterfall, also known as the Fountain of Diana.
In the Park there is also an English Garden, made to satisfy the wishes of Maria Carolina of Austria. There is a bus service for those who wish to visit the Park. Near Caserta, San Leucio and the Royal seat of Carditello are the fruit of two experiments made by Ferdinand IV of Bourbon: near the silk factory of San Leucio a village was established on what were utopian lines for the period. The silk production of San Leucio found markets all over Europe and even today is much appreciated. Carditello, on the other hand, was a model of farming methods. In the middle of the VIII century, a small palace, farms and a church were built to welcome the sovereign. Hunting was the great passion of Charles and Ferdinand of Bourbon: from the Phlegrean Fields to the Vesuvian cities and as far as the plain of Caserta, hunting lodges were built in parks and wooded zones. In 1782 Carlo Vanvitelli built the Casina del Fusaro, a pavilion
on lake Fusaro, in Bacoli.

Caserta Royal Palace

the villas of the Golden Mile Vesuvius National Park Baia Domizia Roccamonfina chestnuts Matese Regional Caserta Royal Palace Buffalo Mozzarella Dop Nature Park and Park

Naples Royal Palace

and enchantments Royal Palace and ‘Spaccanapoli’ and Palazzo Reale and Piazza National Archaeological Museum of Capodimonte
Piazza del Plebiscito the historical centre del Plebiscito Museum Castel dell’Ovo Castel Nuovo Castel dell’Ovo and seaside Certosa and Museum ‘Spaccanapoli’ and MADRE Museum of National Archaeological of San Martino the historical centre ontemporary Art Donna

Museum Regina

Castel dell’Ovo Castel Nuovo

Unlike other European cities, in Naples the castles have never been dwelling and refuges for nobles and serfs, but real and proper palaces.
The coastline is dominated by the massive tuff walls of the Castel dell’Ovo, the most ancient in the city, which towers over the tiny island of Megaride. First a Roman Villa, then a convent, then a Norman Royal Palace, it is today one of the most evocative and panoramic places in the Gulf.
Castel Capuano, which still contains fine sixteenth century frescoes, now houses the civil courts. The most luxurious palace built by the Kings of Naples in the Middle Ages was the Maschio Angioino (or Castel Nuovo). The castle, which has become today the Civic Museum, was re-built by Alfonso d’Aragona, who added an Arco di Trionfo in white marble in 1443: the magnificent sculpture in relief represents the highest point of Renaissance sculpture in the South of Italy. The massive
fortress of Castel Sant’Elmo dominates the Vomero hill: the view from the slopes is unforgettable.

Castel Capuano Castel Nuovo Castel Sant’Elmo Museo Archeologico Nazionale Museo e Gallerie di Capodimonte Museo Nazionale di San Martino Palazzo Reale piazza Plebiscito Napoli Museo Duca di Martina Museo Principe Aragona Pignatelli Cortes Baroque churches, noble palaces and secret cloisters

Near piazza Bellini, where the old Greek walls dating from the IV century B.C. can still be seen, the main street of Greco-Roman Neapolis begins: this is Via dei Tribunali, which is lined by some of the most ancient palaces. Along this route rises the late medieval bell-tower of Pietrasanta, and then the Purgatorio ad Arco church, where the ancient cult of the Dead continues to this day, followed by the Gothic church of San Lorenzo Maggiore, built on the remains of a Roman building which can still be seen today. There is also an interesting museum. Not far from there, is the Duomo, where paleochristian basilicas and churches have been grouped together along with the precious Cappella

Santa Chiara Capodimonte Park Historical centre Virgiliano Park Naples Underground Villa Comunale Seaside Villa Floridiana

del Tesoro di San Gennaro. It is here that twice a year the blood of the Saint liquifies. Near the Duomo, a vast
collection of XVII and XVIII century paintings are on show in Pio Monte della Misericordia, including Caravaggio’s masterpiece ‘The Seven works of charity’. In San Gregorio Armeno, the very famous ‘cribs street’ is well worth a visit: apart from the workshops where the statuettes for the cribs are made, there is the Monastery with its sumptuous baroque church and a secret cloister with its garden of orange trees. This narrow street connects Via dei Tribunali with another Greco-Roman
thoroughfare: the Via San Biagio dei Librai, also known as Spaccanapoli. Along this street some of the most important monuments are to be found.

Church of Gesù Nuovo

Near the little church of Sant’Angelo a Nilo, rich in Renaissance sculptures, we find the statue of Nilo. The Monastic citadel of San Domenico Maggiore, with its baroque spire is also not to be missed.
Another ‘must’ is the Gothic church of Santa Chiara, with its colourful cloister decorated in majolica, dating from the XVIII century. The church of Gesù Nuovo: with its austere ashlar façade contains within it a wealth of marble sculptures, gold and frescoes.
A small detour must be made to see the Cappella San Severo, an unusual and splendid baroque building which contains one of the most beautiful sculptures of XVIII century Naples: Giuseppe Sanmartino’s Cristo velato (the veiled Christ).
Veiled Christ in the Cappella San Severo San Lorenzo Maggiore art and history

Visiting Naples also means ‘losing oneself’ in its museums that are rich in art treasures. To begin with there is the National Archaeological Museum, which houses the Farnese collection and, above all, the findings of the Vesuvian
archaeological sites: frescoes, mosaics, jewellery and everyday objects. There are also numerous ‘curiosities’: the Secret Cabinet, which brings together works of an erotic nature found in Pompeii, an Egyptian section and the Gems Collection. The precious Farnese collection, once belonging to Charles of Bourbon was first put on show in 1758 in the palace on the hill, now the Capodimonte museum. It contains paintings by Titian, Parmigianino, Carracci and other famous artists together with other art objects. The Royal apartments are most impressive, especially the drawing room of Queen Maria Amalia, which is
entirely decorated in porcelain. The second floor is devoted to Neapolitan art from the 13th to the 18th centuries with extraordinary works by Simone Martini, Colantonio, Caravaggio and others. From the Vomero hill, the Certosa of San Martino dominates the city. The splendid rooms of the 13th century monastery, completely transformed by Cosimo Fanzago and sumptuously decorated such as to create a museum of Neapolitan baroque art, also houses the San Martino Museum, with the famous cribs section and a gallery where the history of the city is recounted. In the centre of Naples, the Royal Palace
houses an interesting collection of 18th and

Capodimonte Museum

19th century furniture as well as an elegant little rococo theatre. Two museums less known to the public are the Duca di Martina Museum in Vomero and the Pignatelli Museum: the first contains a collection of European and Oriental porcelain, the second is an aristocratic residence dating from the late 19th century with a lovely flower garden. In Piazzetta Mondragone
there is the Èlena Aldobrandini Museum of Textiles and Clothes, where fine old fabrics and clothes from 20th century fashion houses are on display.




National Archaeological Museum

Cribs and shepherds of San Gregorio Armeno Capodimonte Porcelains Food market of Pignasecca (Montesanto)

The porcelain was mixed in this Meissen factories, he of Capodimonte substance that was opened a factory in The ‘recipe’ of porcelain imported from China. The Naples. And thus the was one of the most first to succeed were the porcelain of Capodimonte closely guarded secrets Germans at Meissen. was born, becoming of the 18th century. The When King Charles of celebrated throughout the European craftsmen Bourbon married the world. Splendid antique competed with one daughter of the Elector of pieces are now kept in the another to discover what Saxony, the owner of the Capodimonte Museum.

The Flagellation by Caravaggio

The marvels of the coast

With its beautiful places, the smell of citrus fruits and its wonderful climate the Sorrento Peninsula became one of the favoured stops on the Grand Tour. Castellammare is the gateway to the Sorrento Peninsula. Around the Varano hill, elegant Roman dwellings have been found, along with a dozen farming villages built in the fields, giving us an idea of what ancient Stabiae was like. At Vico Equense the urban settlement built by Charles II of Anjou as a summer residence has been
preserved. The Giusso castle was built in this period, along with the Gothic Cathedral. Sorrento, built on a mound of tuff, is of Greek origin, as its chessboard design indicates.
At the ancient crossroad stands piazza Tasso, dedicated to the author of Gerusalemme Liberata, who was born here in 1544. The
piazza is the heart of Sorrento; on one side it opens on to Corso Italia, a street full of boutiques. On the other side stands the Correale Museum in which are kept examples of ancient art, paintings, and other art objects; as well as the church of San Francesco d’Assisi with its small XIV century cloister and the basilica of Sant’Antonino, famous for its XVIII
century crib. A fine view is to be admired from the street which leads to the Marina Grande, while the Via della Pietà leads to the medieval part of the town.

Museo Correale di Terranova Villa Arianna e Villa San Marco Museo della tarsia lignea Palazzo Pomarici Santomasi Museo Ignazio Cerio Capri Villa Jovis Capri Certosa di San Giacomo e Museo Diefenbach viale Certosa Capri

An island worthy of an Emperor

Rocky and sun-drenched, the most desired island of travellers throughout the world, Capri rises high up out of the sea. In Piazza Umberto I, the celebrated ‘piazzetta’ with cafes and ancient buildings, stands the Palazzo Cerio, where Queen Giovanna stayed, and which is now a museum with a collection of fossil, minerals and archaeological finds. The Certosa of San Giacomo is the most important religious edifice on the island and has been rebuilt several times due to pirate raids. Places of
particular interest are the ‘sala del Capitolo’, the apartments of the priory, the cloisters and the Diefenbach Museum, which houses paintings by the German artist that offer a dreamy vision of Capri landscape. Various walks can be taken from the centre, one of which leads to the enormous Villa Jovis, one of the residences built by the Emperor Tiberius. A symbol of
Capri, together with the Faraglioni, the Blue Grotto was used in Roman times as a pool beneath the lofty Villa di Gradola. The cave owes its name to the phenomenon of refracted light, which causes it to look completely blue. On the way to Anacapri, the second town in Capri, the remains of an impressive Roman villa can be seen, Villa Damecuta. A short distance from the centre stands the beautiful Villa San Michele, built in 1896 on the site of a Roman ruin by the Swedish doctor and writer Axel Munthe and made famous by the novel of the same name.

Sorrento Positano Amalfi Capri Monti Lattari Regional Sorrento Nature Park Capri Punta Campanella Positano Nature Marine Reserve Mount Solaro (Anacapri)

Villa Jovis Living in Capri

Beyond the Villa San Michele, there are other places in Capri that bear witness to its illustrious guests. Villa Jovis, one of the twelve villas that the Emperor Tiberius had built, and Villa Lysis, owned by Baron Fersen, with its wonderful park. Lenin stayed here during his days of exile; a pillar is dedicated to him in the Augusto Park.
Curzio Malaparte, the author of La Pelle, had a villa built here in the 1930’s by Adalberto Libera which is perched on a cliff and is an exceptional example of rationalist architecture.

Villa Malaparte Villa di Damecuta Anacapri Villa San Michele viale Axel Munthe Anacapri Museo della Ceramica Villa Guarigliavia Nuova Raito Villa Rufolo Villa Cimbrone Museo Civico Amalfi Museo della Carta spas and wellness Stabia Thermal baths Vico Equense specialities Dairy products of Agerola Sorrento Lemons Pasta from Gragnano Anchovy paste (Cetara) Red tune of Cetara wines Capri Doc Costa d’Amalfi Doc Penisola Sorrentina Doc Wines from Gragnano and from Lettere Mount Solaro bleway (Capri) Campano Mineralogical Museum (Vico Equense) Paper Museum in Amalfi The Cathedral of Amalfi Dairy products and cheese Ceramics of Vietri (Agerola)

Limoncello of Amalfi,

Furniture and wooden Capri and Sorrento objects (Sorrento) Wines

Until the end of the 19th century the Amalfi coast remained isolated because the only way of reaching it was on the back of a mule. Today no trip in Campania is complete without a visit to this charming spot, pervaded by the intense smell of lemons and full of steep, winding roads that run down to the sea. Vietri is a delightful town on a terrace overlooking the sea and is famous for its highly colourful ceramics that decorate most of the civic buildings and the façade of the Villa Guariglia, in the Raito district, where we find the Ceramic Museum. Ravello has one of the most splendid views on the entire coast. It was founded in the VI century and its antique splendour is still visible today in its churches and beautiful villas. The
Medieval Cathedral contains a number of valuable art works, including its bronze doors and its mosaics. Villa Rufolo, built in the 13th century, every year hosts the Ravello Music Festival, behind which looms the figure of Wagner, who was said to have been so overwhelmed by the beauty of Ravello that inspired part of his Parsifal.

The Cathedral of Ravello Villa Cimbrone

The small fishing village of Atrani is extraordinarily picturesque with its little houses constructed one on top of the other and its steep winding streets.
The church of SS. Salvatore de Bireto is very elegant and was the place where doges were crowned and buried in feudal times.
The little white houses hewn out of the rock and the impressive steps up to the Cathedral render the Amalfi panorama unique. Amalfi was the first maritime republic of Italy and in the Civic Museum the Tabula Amalphitana, the first navigational code in history, has been preserved. The Cathedral was dedicated to Sant’Andrea, the apostle who was a fisherman. The edifice is dominated by a bell-tower with elegant arabesques, which is a repeated motif in the ‘chiostro del Paradiso’.
The fame of Positano, now a favourite spot for international tourism, is due to its marvellous position on the coast and to the dozens of boutiques that set the style for beach clothes with their original creations. The majolica dome of the 13th century church of Santa Maria Assunta dominates the landscape. It is here that the Madonna Nera is venerated, a Byzantine icon fished out of the sea.

The ceramics of Vietri
are still greatly events From the 14th century, appreciated to this day. june-august ceramics have been the It is very enjoyable to _Evening Concerts main source of revenue go around the The Axel Munthe of Vietri sul Mare. numerous shops or to Foundation Decorated with rustic visit the factories, for Anacapri scenes that reflect the surrounding landscape or with classical motifs, all brightly coloured, the ceramics of Vietri each place offers a different style and a different kind of decoration.

Costiera Amalfitana Ravello Terra Murata in Procida The Aragonese Castle in Ischia

(along with the tiny island of Vivara) and Ischia make up the archipelago of the phlegrean islands. Overshadowed by the
scenic beauty of the mainland, they are nonetheless very enjoyable.
Procida, which is less frequented by tourists, is the most mysterious and unassuming. Its timeless dimension has inspired many writers from Lamartine to Elsa Morante, who have set their novels here; more recently it was chosen as the spot where several scenes were shot during the filming of Il Postino (The Postman), Massimo Troisi’s last film.
The heart of this ancient island is Terra Murata: a town closed off by massive walls, constructed to keep pirates out.
At 100 metres above sea level, the Castle d’Avalos towers above the island and the Abbey of San Michele seems a jewel box,
where paintings, sculptures and sacred vestments dating from its thousand years of history are kept. The Marina di Sancio Cattolico is a charming spot, with its arched houses on the edge of the sea; as is the village of Marina della Corricella, with its fisherman’s houses built like steps up from the sea, and the Chiaiolella.

Abbazia di San Michele Procida Oasi protetta di Vivara Procida Museo del Mare Palazzo dell’Orologiovia Giovanni da Procida
Castello Aragonese Ischia Ponte La Colombaia Forio d’Ischia Museo Archeologico Pithecusae Marina della Corricella Terra Murata Ischia Porto Procida Ischia Procida Ischia Procida Ischia Marina di Corricella Lacco Ameno Vivara Nature Oasis Mount Epomeo Marina di Chiaiolella ‘Rive Droite’ in Ischia Porto Procida Lemons Ischia Rabbit Marina di Chiaiolella Forio d’Ischia Giardino La Mortella Sant’Angelo Ischia Porto Sant’Angelo (Forio)

wines Terra Murata Ischia Doc

Ischia, once the ancient Pithecusae founded by the churches, prisons, gardens, a Museum of Procida in literature The ‘Festa della The cup of Nestor Greeks, is now a well known spot for international Instruments of Torture and ancient weapons and Innocent and wild like Graziella’ is a beauty In the Archaeological events tourism that owes its success to variety of its provides extraordinary views from its terraces. In her island: this is how contest in which the Museum of Pithecusae monday in albis landscape and its extraordinary thermal sources. Lacco Ameno, the beautiful Villa Arbusto houses Lamartine described prettiest girl on the is kept the famous _Flight of the angel

The ‘green’ island offers marvellous spots with the Archaeological Museum of Pithecusae, Graziella, the young island is elected. The Nestor’s Cup (750 lush vegetation, gardens, vines and all that is which provides ample evidence of the first Greek heroine from Procida in Elsa Morante literary B.C.).
This bears one of april-may necessary to spend a truly relaxing holiday. settlement. Forio’s medieval roots can be seen by the novel of the same prize is also linked to a the earliest Greek _Procida Chamber
The first pleasant discovery is the port itself, its narrow streets and some 15th century name (1851) which has novel, the tragic and inscriptions and alludes Music Festival
distinguished by the arched houses that are typical buildings, namely the Torrione and the sanctuary helped make Procida haunting story of an to the cup of the King Procida
of old fishing villages, and the Cathedral. In the of the Madonna del Soccorso. Here is also the known throughout the adolescent from Procida: of Pila, mentioned in world. L’isola di Arturo. Homer’s Illiad: “from june nearby Ischia Ponte is the Museo del Mare (Sea villa of Luchino Visconti, the Colombaia, which Nestor… a good cup _Ischia Film Festival Museum) and, above all, the monument and today houses a museum devoted to the film for drinking, but he who Ischia symbol of the island, the Aragonese Castle. Built director as well as a splendid park. drinks from this cup june-septemberin the 15th century,
it is a citadel-fortress, with will be immediately Sanctuary of the Soccorso, Forio d’Ischia Archaeological Museum of Pithecusae, Lacco Ameno Terra Murata, Procida filled with desire for _Music Festival Ischia

A land which knows how to change itself, which looks to the future without betraying its past. This is Campania: capable of offering the modern traveller its ancient splendours but ready to seek the way towards the next millennium. Creative workshops, theatre and film shows, as well as polyfunctional centres spring up in numbers in towns and small villages bringing life back to degraded areas or the suburbs. A significant example of such action can be seen in the post industrial area of Bagnoli, where the Città della Scienza science centre, an interactive museum devoted to spreading scientific knowledge, has become a reference point for young people. At the same time, the public transport system is planning to
concentrate on the connections between the city centre and the outskirts with the intention of furthering the culture and art of our time.

MADRE Museo d’Arte Donna Regina Palazzo Donnaregina, PAN Palazzo delle Arti Napoli Città della Scienza

Arcos Arte Contemporanea Sannio
Designed by the Portuguese architect, Alvaro Siza, the MADRE, Museo d’Arte Donna Regina, displays works created for the city by celebrated artists from all over the world that have made their mark on the artistic life of Naples in recent years: a great museum with an international breath. The main collection is composed of works by the many artists who have collaborated with the city in the past.
In fact it contains classic works that are on extended loan from national and international collections, together with works that have been created specially for this museum. Works by Bianchi, Clemente, Horn, Kapoor, Kounellis, Paolini, Sol Lewitt, Serra and many more. The MADRE, Museo d’Arte contemporanea Donna Regina PAN, Palazzo delle Arti Napoli,in the 18th century Palazzo Roccella, is a workshop which hosts short exhibitions, concerts, film shows, theatrical productions and happenings.
Designed by prestigious architects, decorated by works of art by the most important contemporary artists: no, it’s not a Museum but the Line 1 of the Neapolitan subway. Known as the “metro dell’arte” (the Art Subway), it showcases daring installations like that of Joseph Kosuth in the station at Piazza Dante (a neon board quotes the Convivio of Dante), of Jannis Kounellis, fascinating and essential, as well as those of Michelangelo Pistoletto and Nicola de Maria.

At the Museo Station, along the tunnel which leads to the Archaeological Museum, there is a show of objects that were found during the construction of the subway. Fruit of the playful imagination of the Mendini atelier, the Materdei Station offers a lively Wall drawing by Sol Lewitt, a monochrome construction by Ettore Spalletti and mosaics by Sandro Chia. The Salvator Rosa Station is not just decorated with art works on the inside: the entire district has become part of the installation with views of the buildings drawn by Renato Barisani, Gianni Pisani and Ernesto Tatafiore.
The evocative cellars of the Palazzo di Prefettura, in the heart of Benevento, houses the Museum

PAN, Palazzo delle Arti Napoli

Arcos, Contemporary Art of Sannio. A perfect site for art displays, it was opened in 1992 when Mimmo Paladino set up in the garden of the closed convent of San Domenico his Hortus Conclusus: a group of sculptures that are extraordinarily evocative and seem to recall a mythical past beyond any human memory.
The Caserta Royal Palace hosts the Terrae Motus collection: more than seventy works of contemporary artists pulled together by gallery owner Lucio Amelio in the emotional aftermath of the 1980 earthquake. Andy Warhol, Beuys, Alfano, Mapplethorpe, Pistolletti and many other artists throughout the world created masterpieces inspired by the earthquake.




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